1812 to 1815 ... During the War of 1812 against the British and Indian allies, the Kaskaskia-Cahokia Trail played an important role for military movements, defense of the Mississippi River and western boundaries of the US. American forts, blockhouses and militias were established along the KCT for defense. 1809 ... The American Northwest Territory counties of St. Clair and Randolph, originally formed in 1790 and 1795 respectively, were re-established as the first two counties in the newly formed Illinois Territory. Monroe County was established in 1816 from these two counties. 1818 ... December 3, Illinois officially became the 21st American state. 1818 to 1820 ... Kaskaskia is named the first State Capitol. It remains so for two years. The State Capitol was then moved to Vandalia, 90 miles to the northeast. (next)
Fort de Chartres'
Kaskaskia before the 1881 Mississippi River flood and course change.
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